of Active Ingredients (continued)
hydrochloride Dropsy, Malawi bloat,
Fin rot, Systemic bacterial infections. WARNING : This medication is
photosensitive; turn lights off and cover the tank throughout
treatment WARNING: some resistant strains to tetracycline exist. If
this is the case, you may switch to minocycline. Always try
tetracycline first - use minocycline as the last resort.
Thiosulfate sodium Seven
mg of sodium thiosulfate will neutralize 1 mg of chlorine.
List of aquarium medications by some leading companies
Pharmaceuticals – Active ingredients
benzaldehyde green - AP Liquid Super ICH Cure, AP Super Ich Cure
copper sulphate - AP General Cure
erythromucin - AP EM Tablets
furazolidone - AP Furan-2
methylene blue trihydrate - Furan-2
metroidazole - AP General Cure
naladixic acid (water soluble) AP Nala-Gram
neutroflavine - AP Fungus Cure, AP Liquid Fungus Cure
nitrofurazone - AP Super ICH Cure, AP Furan-2
povidone/colloid mixture - AP Liquid Super Ich Cure, AP Liquid
sulfacetamide - AP Triple Sulfa
sulfamethazine - AP Triple Sulfa
sulfathiazole - AP Triple Sulfa
tetracycline hydrochloride - AP T.C. Capsules
trichlorfon - AP General Cure
Victoria green B - AP Fungus Cure
Liquid Super Ich Cure
Active Ingredients : benzaldehyde green, povidone/colloid mixture
An effective liquid treatment for ich (ichthyophthirius). Kills Ich
- usually within 24 hours
Liquid Fungus Cure
Active Ingredients: neutroflavine, povidone/colloid mixture
For the treatment of saprolgenia fungus infections. Contains a
synthetic slime coating. Prevents secondary infection.
Super Ich Cure
Active Ingredients: benzaldehyde green, nitrofurazone
For the treatment of ICH (ichthyophhirius) a highly contagious
disease sometimes called white spot disease
Active Ingredients: copper sulphate, trichlorfon, metronidazole
Treats a wide variety of of parasitic diseases including velvet (oodinium),
anchor worm (lernia), fish lice.
Active Ingredients: Neutroflavine, Victoria green B
Treats saprolgenia Fungus infections. Symptoms appear as tufts of
cotton or white patches on the fish. Commonly known as mouth fungus,
eye fungus, fin and tail rot and body slime.
Active Ingredient: tetracycline hydrochloride (250 mg)
Tetracycline first aid for the treatment of common diseases such as
tail rot, mouth fungus and gill disease. Aquarium filtration will
not affect treatment.
Active Ingredients: sulfamethazine, sulfacetamide, sulfathiazole
A special formula of three medications plus an antibiotic to
effctively treat furunculosis (aeromonas), fin and tail rot, cotton
mouth disease, body slime and eye cloud for both fresh and saltwater
Active Ingredient: Erythromycin (200 mg)
For the fresh and saltwater treatment of erythromycine susceptible
bacterial diseases such as body slime, mouth fungus, furunculosis
(open lesions), and hemorrhagic septicemia (blood spots without sign
of skin damage). Inhibits disease spread when introducing new fish
into an aquarium. Can be used with any ich, fungus or parasite
remedy to prevent secondary infection.
Active Ingredient: nalidixic acid (water soluble)
Used to treat stubborn gram negative bacterial infections such as:
neon tetra disease, Malawi Bloat, hemmorhagic septicemia, swollen
Active Ingredients: nitrofurazone, furazolidone, methylene blue
Contains two furan compounds to combat a wide variety of gram
positive and gram negative bacterial diseases, including gill
disease, mouth fungus, furunculosis (aeromonas), black molly disease
(columnaris), fin and tail rot and dropsy.
For disinfection of the aquarium water, e.g. when introducing new
fish, and for disease treatment against ectoparasites (Ichthyophthirius,
Costia and Chilodonella). For freshwater and saltwater fish. Add 2
drops per each 10 liotres of water once for prevention. Add 6 drops
per each 10 litres of water for treatmenbt, repeat after three days
The well-established remedy against Ichthyophthirius (white spot)
and other skin parasites, such as Costia, Chilodonella and
Trichodina, in fresh and saltwater aquariums. sera costapur reliably
combats and removes the parasites.
Remedy against fungus (Saprolegnia) and skin and gill flukes in
fresh water aquariums. sera mycopur prevents spawn fungus.
Simultaneous addition of sera ectopur increases the efficacy and
leads to a quicker recovery of the fish. After recovery of the fish,
we recommend a partial water change (conditioning with sera aqutan)
and filtering with sera Super Activ filter carbon in order to remove
remedy residuals from the aquarium water.
For prevention and combat of fungus and ectoparasites in fresh and
salt water. sera ectopur contains various oxygen-releasing salts.
Due to its special composition the oxygen is released over a
prolonged period of time. sera ectopur is ideally suitable to
support a treatment with sera remedies.
An addition of 5 g sera ectopur to 50 litres of water once every
fortnight reduces stress and prevents oxygen deficiencies
sera Oodinopur A reliably combats fresh and salt water Oodinium
(velvet disease). It contains copper and must therefore not be used
in saltwater aquariums with invertebrates. We recommend treating the
fish in a quarantine aquarium. 15 ml sera Oodinopur A are sufficient
for 600 litres of water. During the treatment with sera Oodinopur A,
active carbon must be removed from the filter. Protein skimmers and
ozonizers must be switched off. After recovery of the fish, we
recommend a partial water change (conditioning with sera aqutan.
sera baktopur reliably combats bacterial diseases such as mouth and
fin rot and greyish-white resp. fluff-like areas on the skin and the
fins of freshwater fish. sera ectopur increases the activity of sera
sera baktopur direct reliably and rapidly combats severe bacterial
diseases such as dropsy or bleeding inflammations resp. ulcers in
fresh and salt water fish.
Please bear in mind: This highly effective remedy also affects
useful filter bacteria. Therefore, the filter should be disconnected
from the aquarium and run with a bucket of water for the duration of
the treatment. One tablet is sufficient for 50 litres of aquarium
Combination of vitamins and trace elements for fresh and salt water
aquariums in order to enhance the colours and improve the well-being
of the fish. sera activant promotes the readiness to spawn, prevents
deficiencies and helps newly introduced fish become acclimatized.
Weak or ill pond fish are directly fed a tablet sera activant.
Emulgated multi-vitamin preparation for strengthening fish during or
after diseases, after introducing them into a new aquarium, for
breeding and to vitaminize food for fish fry. sera fishtamin is also
suitable for strengthening pond fish before and after hibernation.
It can be added directly into the aquarium water. It is better,
however, to drip 6 - 7 drops per fish directly onto the food a few
minutes before feeding once a week. Pond fish should get 10 - 12
drops sera fishtamin per fish every day for three weeks
Water treatment against snails, Hydra and discworms in freshwater
aquariums. Two hours after application a partial water change of 30
% is be carried out. By doing so, suck the paralysed snails out of
the aquarium. After this removal, the remaining water is conditioned
with a full dose (calculated to the total content of the aquarium)
sera aqutan and filled with fresh water. The treatment is to be
repeated after one week and after two weeks in order also to remove
hatching young snails (spawn is not combated). It is important to
observe the fish closely during the treatment. Accelerated breathing
and gasping for air is a symptom for overdosing. In this case, a
water change must be carried out immediately.
Water treatment against algae in freshwater aquariums. Due to their
solid structure, beard algae may seem unaffected for several weeks
after they are dead before they dissolve.
Attention: Snails do not tolerate sera algopur.
15 ml are sufficient for 600 litres of water.
In severe cases, repeat the treatment after three days.
Tap Water conditioner that immediately transforms aggressive tap
water into safe aquarium water suitable for fish.
Long-term maintenance of a healthy habitat for fish and plants for
over six months.
AquaSafe for Goldfish
Tap water conditioner specially developed for goldfish and other
Ensures immediate bioactivity in the filter and aquarium
For the permanent reduction of the nitrate content. Removes an
important algae nutrient, leading to a long-term improvement of the
water quality, thus reducing care requirements.
For the controlled reduction of pH and carbonate hardness values.
For the optimum adjustment of pH and carbonate hardness values.
Creates natural black water.
Promotes vitality, well-being and the exotic natural colouring of
Mild biological treatment for combating algae.
For the prevention and long-term combating of algae.
Eradicates even stubborn algae problems.
Ornamental fish remedy, specially developed to meet the requirements
of the marine aquarium. Due to its unique combination of
antibacterial and anti-parasitic substances, it can be used to
successfully treat the most frequently occurring diseases in marine
Effective medicinal product for bacterial infections, ectoparasitic
diseases, fungal diseases and wounds in ornamental fish.
Effective medicinal product for combating Achlya and Saprolegnia
fungal infections, bacterial mucous membrane infections and
infectious wounds in tropical ornamental fish.
Effective medicinal product for white spot and other dermatozoons in
tropical ornamental fish, such as Costia and Chilodonella.
Medicinal product for goldfish and other coldwater ornamental fish
for combating bacterial infections, ectoparasitic diseases, fungal
infections and wounds.
For the treatment of Whitespot, Costia and other Fungal infections
in seawater aquaria only. Do not use in aquaria containing
invertebrates, macro algae, Sharks, Rays, or Harlequin Tuskfish.
Whitespot, Oodinium, Benedenia, Trichodina and fungal infections are
amongst the fastest killing organisms and therefore, once recognised
should be treated immediately. With this in mind you are advised,
when unsure of an ailment's diagnostic background to automatically
use CUPRAZIN as directed. CUPRAZIN'S formula is designed to be low
stress-inducing, gradually increasing concentration to effective
levels. Once this level is achieved addition of the product may be
stopped. CUPRAZIN should be used to treat all newly purchased sea
fishes except sharks, rays, Harlequin Tuskfish, invertebrates and
other related species. In cases where these creatures are present
use MYXAZIN or OCTOZIN as an alternative. CUPRAZIN should not be
used in those systems which contain any invertebrates. This includes
Suitable for seawater and brackish water aquaria.
A treatment for Ulcers, Fin-Rot, Body Rot and other bacterial
related diseases in all aquaria
MYXAZIN lowers the count of harmful bacteria in aquarium water,
treating Fin Rot, Body Rot, Ulcers, Sores and other bacterial
infections. MYXAZIN will also help to control Pop - Eye Disease,
Cloudy Eyes and Mouth Fungus. MYXAZIN should be used daily until
symptoms disappear (typically this would be between 3 and 5
applications). MYXAZIN can also be used to sterilise nets and live
foods such as Daphnia and Tubifex, for treating Whitespot in
seawater aquaria containing invertebrates. MYXAZIN is mild on fish,
highly biodegradable and effective against a wide range of fish
health problems. Suitable for seawater, tropical freshwater and
OCTOZIN (Flagellated Protozoa) :
For the treatment of "Hole-in the-Head", Spironucleus, Dropsy,
Malawi Bloat, Sleeping Sickness and Whitespot in all aquaria.
OCTOZIN is a treatment for internal parasites such as those which
cause Sleeping Sickness, Hole - In - The - Head, Seawater Angelfish
and Clownfish Disease, Malawi Bloat Disease and also early stages of
Dropsy. OCTOZIN may also be used to treat Whitespot in seawater
aquaria where CUPRAZIN cannot be used. OCTOZIN is harmless to
invertebrates and algae when used as directed. You will require
three separate days of treatment to complete the course. OCTOZIN is
active for up to 3 days after the last day of use. Although internal
parasites are destroyed instantly, external signs of improvement to
the fish may take up to 7 days.
PARAGON (General Tonic)
For use in seawater, freshwater and coldwater aquaria. The product
slowly releases oxygen in safe amounts destroying any pathogens and
parasites present and beneficially raises the REDOX level in the
systems, improves inhabitants health and the filtration efficiency
When added to aquarium/pond water, PARAGON slowly releases nascent,
moatomic oxygen in safe amounts. After this rare form of oxygen has
destroyed any pathogens and parasites present it beneficially raises
the REDOX potential (oxygen levels) in the aquarium. This in turn
benefits all forms of aquatic life. Do not use PARAGON
on Discus species
For the treatment of Whitespot, Fungus, Velvet and Costia in
tropical freshwater and coldwater aquaria only. Do not use when
mormyrids (i.e. Elephant Nose, Dolphin Fish), Sturgeon and Sterlets
are present. PROTOZIN is used for the control of all protozoan and
fungal infections e.g Whitespot, Fungus, Neon Tetra Disease, Velvet,
Costiasis and Trichodiniasis. You will require 4 separate
applications to complete the course of treatment. By gently
increasing the treatment concentration over days 1, 2 and 3 the
product does not burden the already stressed animals with a hard
hitting formula. The final dose on day 6 is a preventative measure
to try and ensure the organism does not re-occur. PROTOZIN's
properties are highly effective at treating all its target
organisms. Do not use when rays or momyrids are
For the treatment of Gill and Body Flukes. Do not use when
crustaceans (i.e. Crabs, Shrimps), echinoderms (i.e. Sea Urchins,
Starfish), s/w Sharks, Rays, Piranha, Sturgeon and Sterlets are
present. STERAZIN is used or the control of gill and body parasites
which cause fish to flick when no symptoms are visible to the
unaided eye. STERAZIN will also aid the control of internal
parasites such as Round Worm, Thread Worm, and Intestinal Worm. In
order to destroy the parasites in all stages of their life cycle you
will need to use the product on days 1, 3, 6, 8 and 10. STERAZIN may
also be used to aid the sterilisation of aquatic plants and is
highly biodegradable. Do not use when crustaceans, echinoderms,
rays, seawater sharks, pirahna, sturgeon or sterlets and related
species are present. In these instances use Waterlife PARAGON.
Suitable for seawater, tropical freshwater and coldwater aquaria
We wish to
thank these companies for responding to our request to supply their
Adrian Exell and Neville Carrington.
"The Interpet Manual of Fish Diseases". Salamander Books
Limited, UK, 1988.
"Tropical Aquarium Fishes", Tetra Press, Salamander Books
Limited, UK, 1997.
Paul V. Loiselle
"The Cichlid Aquarium", Tetra Press, 1994.
Edward J. Noga
"Fish Disease, Diagnosis and Treatment", Mosby-Year Book,
Physician's Desk Reference (PDR) Medical Economics Company, Inc., 53rd
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