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Labrus bergylta (Ascanius, 1767)

A freshly caught specimen measuring 31,6 cm of (TL) length

Another freshly caught specimen measuring 44,7 cm of (TL) length. Photos by MCH/Andreas I. Iliopoulos

Original drawing in "Guid d'identification des poissons marins Europe et Mediterranee" by Patrick Louisy

     A reef associated wrasse species, found in shallow waters (1 m to 50 m), over heavily algae covered rocky substrata near the coastline. They prey upon benthic invertebrate animals. It is one of the largest wrasses of the area as the animals may grow up to 50 cm of (SL) length, sometimes even up to 60 cm and they may gain a body weight of over 4 kg. They also show longevity of up to about thirty years (according others up to only eighteen years).

     They are protandric hermaphrodites (born as ♂♂ and turn into ♀♀) and they are pelagic free spawners, while they lay their eggs on the bottom but they do not guard them and they do not build nests. There are no any external sexual dimorphism characteristics between the sexes.

     Only the relatively large size of the animals could be a problem fro keeping them in captivity.

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