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Muraena helena (Mediterranean moray) - Linnaeus, 1758





Original drawing in "Guid d'identification des poissons marins Europe et Mediterranee" by Patrick Louisy

Family: MURAENIDAE

Length: up to 150 cm.

Depth: from sallow waters to 100 meters.

Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. South of British islands. Senegal, Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands, and Cape Verde including the Mediterranean Sea

Food: Crabs, fishes and squids.

General information: One of the two moray species occurred in the Mediterranean basin (Enchelycore anatina, the smaller tiger moray, is the other one). Nocturnal and territorial animal, although it does not attack except if provoked. It is highly associated with reefs. It lurks into holes and crevices, under rocks and overhangs from where it attacks its pray snakelike. It is appreciated as food fish.

The two photos at the top were taken by G.J.Reclos at the island of Serifos on August 2004 at a depth of 3 meters. The other photos were taken at a depth of about 20 meters near a coastal reef of Syros’ sea, by George Rigoutsos (hobbyist scuba diver and underwater photographer), member of the Nautical, Ecological & Cultural Association of Kini Bay.

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