These cichlids are called "herring cichlids" and they live
in rather large schools.
They feed on plankton in the mid-water and males use to
defend a territory with three dimensions above large rocks
Their colonies comprise from males, while the schools of
females are seperated from them.
They are cave dweller cichlids with a maximum size of about
Males defend a territory near the ceiling of an underwater
cave and they are aggressive towards other males.
It is better to be kept in pairs in captivity, although an
excess of females is better.
When more than one male is kept per tank it is better to
keep as many males as possible, so their aggression will be
It is essential to feed them with foods rich in spirulina
because their delicate coloration saws better when fed with
and plankton are also very nice foods for these fish.
If they are used in live or frozen foods they will hardly
accept dry or freeze dried foods.
Use dark gravel and subdued lights for their tanks as bright
lights will make them to shy and will fade their coloration.
The mouthbrooding females release their fry in swallow
waters near the sandy shores for protection.
You may use some plants (Ceratophyllum demersum)
in their tanks so the fry will be protected during their
first days of their lifes.
by Mike Iannibeli, text by Andreas Iliopoulos.